The foremost problem world is facing today is unemployment. The ratio of unemployment is increasing rapidly due to lack of sources and when unemployment takes place so many crimes are automatically be created. Pakistan the Asian country has plenty of problems in these days and unemployment is one of those. Unemployment causes numerous problems for people of nation. Pakistan has countless natural resources but problem is that resources are being wasted since the independence of Pakistan in 1947. You may find many graduated, masters, IT experts, engineers and doctors wondering about for job opportunities due to bad employment system. The people of Pakistan are considered highly talented and hardworking in the world and there is no value of talent in Pakistan therefore, it is the reason many of engineers, doctors, Scientifics, technicians and accountants travel in foreign countries for earn their livelihood.
The poverty rate is also on peak therefore uneducated and unskilled people can be found easily in Pakistan. Labour class is also affected by the unemployment. Due to unemployment the living standard of Pakistanis is going down with the passage of time. People are lacking from their basic needs. People have become the patients of depression and they have no idea how to deal depression during unemployment. We have tried our best to point out some of the major causes of unemployment in Pakistan and as well as solutions as under:
Causes of Unemployment in Pakistan:
We are writing this post for the purpose of causes of Unemployment in Pakistan. There are plenty of causes or in other words reasons for unemployment. We have got problems in heritage. When Pakistan got independence form Hindus there hundreds of issues had to face to a newly Govt. I would not like to discuss independence problems but the major problems due to which unemployment takes place in the county have been thoroughly discussed below:-
Growth of Population:
One of the major problems regarding unemployment in Pakistan is uncontrolled growth of population. The population of Pakistan is increasing at very high rate this time. According to the statistical, the population of Pakistan is increasing at the rate of 2.2%. There are plenty of factors responsible for over population such as early marriages, illiteracy, desires for sons, lack of awareness etc. As we all know that the education system of Pakistan is not upto the mark therefore increasing in population means bring more uneducated person into the field of labour. Government or any other company cannot provide jobs or work places to this huge amount of uneducated people. It has been noticed that growth of population is relatively common ruler areas. Most of people residing in villages are uneducated therefore they are lacking from problems due to over population.
Poor Education System:
The education system in Pakistan has been really poor since the creation of Pakistan. Unfortunately any government since independence didn’t take especial steps to make the education system batter. Education system in Pakistan is unbalanced. It has been seen even talented students left study due to injustice of system. You will observe many technical educational colleges and private technical institutions are being found which are only selling degrees because technical education which is being given in these institutions has no value, therefore people are wondering about for jobs due to lack of experience and skills.
Violence and Terror Activities:
As we all know very well that the Karachi is hub of trade and business in Pakistan but there are no rules and regulations in Karachi as everyone is violating law in the biggest city of Pakistan. The peace of Karachi has been destroyed. The hidden internal and external elements do not want to see Karachi prosperous. Furthermore Pakistan having very bad time at the moment due to Irrestrainable terrorism. Another cause of unemployment is terrorism. Terrorist activities in Pakistan are on peak at present especially in Karachi, therefore situation in Karachi is really threatening and alarming and due to this the nationals and as well as foreigners are frightened to invest in Pakistan. So when investors stop to invest so how can job or earning opportunities are being created?
Could you believe country with plenty of natural resources and atomic power is lacking of energy crisis? There are many sources of producing of energy in Pakistan but due to lack of proper planning and efforts Pakistan is having problem of energy crisis. The government of Pakistan is unable to provide electricity to residential areas in Pakistan than how can energy or electricity can be provided to factories and industries. Therefore factories and industries that are required energy are transferring their business in other Asian countries like Bangladesh, India and as well as Sri Lanka. As of this result a huge number of labours are becoming the victims of unemployment.
High Age of Retirement:
The age of retirement in Pakistan is 60 years and it is really high age of retirement and the government of Pakistan is directly responsible for this factor. There are various educated people are in wait of jobs but high age of retirement is making young ones frustrated.
Afghans refugee to Pakistan is the additional problem of unemployment in Pakistan. When American army attacked on Afghanistan in 2001 about 13 years ago and due to this plenty of Afghans migrated to Pakistan for making them save till the betterment situation of their country but the situation in Afghanistan is still critical. The migrated people caused labour markets as they are ready to work for fewer wages.
Solution of Unemployment in Pakistan:
It will be tough ask for government to solve one of the major problems of Pakistan “Unemployment” due to huge population but still we have given some solutions to reduce the unemployment in Pakistan and we are hopeful by following these solutions the ratio of unemployment in Pakistan can be reduced or decreased.
- The first thing to do to reduce unemployment in Pakistan is the proper planning by the government of Pakistan.
- The education system of Pakistan should be equal and well managed.
- Well recognized training and technical institutions are need to be established where skills programs are offered.
- The age of retirement should be at least 55 years.
- Remove energy crisis so that investor comes to Pakistan thus job placement will automatically be created.
- There should be peace across the country so foreigners will not hesitate to invest in Pakistan.
- The agriculture sector should be developed.
- Jobs should be given purely on merits.
- Encourage multinational companies to business in Pakistan.
- Family planning centers should be opened to control the flow of over population.